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EVERYTHING
YOU NEED TO KNOW
ABOUT THE SUN

UNDERSTAND IT BETTER. ENJOY IT MORE.

The sun gives energy for life on Earth. It gives us light, boosts our mood, and is synonymous with holidays and fun. But it can also be dangerous.

25 YEARS OF EXPERTISE

Eau Thermale Avène has dedicated over 25 years to understanding the sun to offer you better protection from it.

A shining star

The ozone layer...

Different layers of the Earth’s atmosphere block the most dangerous types of radiation, and act as a shield to the sun’s most harmful rays. The upper atmospheric layers block radiation such as gamma, cosmic and X-rays, and the Ozone layer blocks UVC rays from reaching the Earth’s surface.

These rays reach the Earth's surface:

UVB rays

  • (280 to 320 nm) are the most dangerous rays that reach the Earth's surface. They have the highest energy and cause the most damage.
  • They penetrate just beyond the epidermis (the superficial layer of the skin) and are blocked by glass windows.
  • They cause sunburn and contribute to the long-term effects of sun damage (signs of ageing and skin cancer).


  • UVA rays

  • have lower energy than UVB rays but penetrate the skin more deeply.
  • They can also travel through glass windows.
  • They are responsible for causing sun allergies and can also lead to accelerated skin ageing and skin cancer over the long term.


  • Visible light

  • is picked up by receptors in our eyes and allows us to see.
  • It contains all the colors of the rainbow. These range from 390 nm (violet) to 780 nm (red).


  • Infrared rays

  • (780 nm to 1mm) trigger the feeling of heat.


  • Microwaves and radio waves

  • have a longer wavelength (over 1 mm).

  • Pole Equator
    °
    0 meter 8807 metres
    metres
    Very covered No clouds
    Very covered Covered A few clouds No clouds
    Surface reflection
    • Grass 3%
    • Water 5 à 20%
    • Sand 15%
    • Snow 70%
    • Ice 90%
    00:00 24:00
    :00

    A shining star

    Do you know when, where and how much of the sun's rays can reach you?

    SUMMER ADVENTURE GUIDE

    Get a Vitamin D Boost

    Short periods of exposure to UV radiation are more efficient at producing vitamin D than long or intense periods of exposure.
    Long periods in the sun do not improve vitamin D levels but increase the risk of skin damage and skin cancer.2

    SUMMER ADVENTURE GUIDE

    Australia shines in summer and there’s a lot of ground to cover! Here’s a few things to tick off your summer bucket list!


    Beach:

    Swim with playful dolphins at the serene Vivonne Bay on Kangaroo Island in South Australia - if your timing is right, migrating Right whales can be seen swimming offshore. Meander down the beach to neighbouring Seal Bay, the only place in the world where you can see the third largest colony of Australian sea lions at close quarters.

    Plenty of ocean means plenty of sand… The ultimate sandboarding destination, Lancelin has pristine white sand dunes standing at over three stories high and are must on your Western Australian adventure.

    Experience Ardi in One Arm Point in Broome, immersing yourself in a unique lifestyle through a tour with a local Aboriginal guide. Sample bush food, catch juicy mud crabs, or learn the local craft of spear making. The surrounding waters are filled with fish, turtles, dugongs, dolphins, and whales.

    Charter a boat and set sail around the 74 islands of the Whitsundays, right in the heart of the Great Barrier Reef. The Reef offers both easy and relaxing spots perfect to learn to scuba dive as well as challenging open water sites for experienced divers! If you’d prefer to stay dry, take a camel ride and explore the picturesque Airlie Beach foreshore.

    Stroll the six-kilometre cliff top coastal walk from iconic Bondi to Coogee with stunning views of beaches, bays and rock pools. Cool off with a swim at Bronte Beach or take a detour via Gordon’s Bay in Clovelly, the home of the Underwater Nature Trail; a 500m chain that guides snorkelers and divers around reefs, sand flats and kelp forests.

    SUMMER ADVENTURE GUIDE

    Bush:

    An open-air concert with internationally renowned artists, a stunning vineyard backdrop, great wines and country hospitality? The Hunter Valley Concert in the Vines is one summer event not to be missed.

    In the heart of the outback, the vast terrain of the Red Centre covers dusty red desert, mountain ranges, deep gorges and waterholes. Discover Uluru, the 348-metre high monolith whose formation began about 550 million years ago. Walk around the rock with a traditional owner and at night visit the Field of Lights art installation of 50,000 solar-powered stems that light up at sunset and glow throughout the night.

    Explore the rugged peaks and mirrored lakes fringed by ancient trees of World Heritage listed Cradle Mountain National Park in Tasmania. The park also provides a rich habitat for wildlife, including Tasmanian devils, quolls, platypus, echidna. Summer visitors can witness a brilliant display of wildflowers including waratahs, orchids, banksias, hakeas and leatherwoods.

    Nama-stay in Byron Bay! Refresh your body, mind and soul in the heart of a relaxed region famous for alternative green living. Refine your yoga practice, realign your chakras or simply enjoy the beautiful beaches and spectacular sunsets.

    The raw prehistoric beauty of the Daintree Rainforest boasts the highest variety of plants and animals found in any rainforest on the planet. Estimated to be over 135 million years old, you might bump into the endangered Southern Cassowary, the third tallest and second heaviest bird in the world, or if you prefer the birds eye view for yourself, fly through the trees on a zip-line.

    SUMMER ADVENTURE GUIDE

    City:

    You don’t have to travel far from the Sydney CBD to catch some waves. Beginner’s surf schools can be found at Sydney’s most famous beaches, like Bondi, Manly and Cronulla.

    Immerse yourself in the largest collection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art in the world at The National Gallery of Australia. 7,500 diverse works are exhibited in a purpose-built wing.

    The perfect antidote to the corporate bustle of the CBD, Brisbane has Australia’s only inner-city, man-made beach. Boasting a sparkling lagoon surrounded by white, sandy beaches and sub-tropical plants, Streets Beach is patrolled by lifeguards all year round and is an cool, calm city oasis.

    Just up the river from Hobart, you’ll find the happily “out-there” Museum of Old and New Art; a subterranean gallery space cut into 240-million-year-old Triassic-era sandstone. Not just confined to art, Mona unleashes Mofo, a summer music festival featuring an eclectic mix of music and art.

    Risk of Australian Sun

    Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Skin cancer accounts for over 80% of all new cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year3.

    Risks of sun exposure

    SUNBURN

    Sunburn is also common on cooler or overcast days, as many people mistakenly believe UV radiation is not as strong.

    Sun exposure that doesn't result in burning can still cause damage to skin cells and increase your risk of developing skin cancer. Evidence suggests that regular exposure to UV radiation year after year can also lead to skin cancer.

    In Australia, 1 in 8 adults and 1 in 5 teenagers are sunburnt on an average summer weekend4.


    Risks of sun exposure

    THE SUN'S AGEING EFFECT

    Skin exposed to the sun often shows early signs of ageing. The sun causes the appearance of wrinkles and brown spots. The stratum corneum in the epidermis becomes thicker and pigment spots start to appear. UVB rays cause small unsightly brown spots, especially in those with fair skin. These are known as actinic lentigines, solar lentigines, senile lentigines or for the rest of us, age spots! UV rays (and UVA in particular) trigger a release of free radicals in the dermis, contributing to the destruction of collagen and elastic fibers. This leads to the appearance of deep wrinkles in aged skin.

    Risk of sun exposure

    Can sunscreen cause skin allergies?

    Allergic reactions to sunscreen are usually caused by perfumes and/or preservatives in the product, not the chemicals that filter UV radiation. A patch test is recommended especially if you have not used the product before.

    If you have an allergic reaction to a sunscreen, you should try another brand or speak to your doctor or chemist about choosing another product.
    Sunscreens that have titanium dioxide as the main agent are usually suitable for sensitive skin5.

    BEAUTY SPOTS (moles)

    Moles aren't always what they seem... Appearances can be deceiving!

    BEAUTY SPOTS (moles)

    Self-examination

    It only takes 5 steps, which can be done alone in front of a mirror or with the help of someone close.

    Check all of your skin every month and have your skin examined by a doctor at least once a year.

    Where to examine:

    1. Raising your arms check your body from the front, back and sides
    2. Check your forearms the top and underneath parts of your arms and the palms of your hands
    3. Check the back of your legs, in-between your toes, the soles of your feet and the genital area
    4. Check the back of your neck and the scalp, section by section using a hand mirror
    5. Check your lower back and your buttocks
    6. See your doctor if you have the slightest doubt.

    BEAUTY SPOTS (moles)

    Observe them closely

    Benign or potential danger?
    You should take note of any changes to your moles, as this could be a sign of skin cancer.

    When doing your self-examination, you can easily follow the ABCDE rule.

    Speak to your doctor if you observe any one of the following criteria:

  • Asymmetry... A healthy mole is round and symmetrical


  • Bumpy edges... Edges should be smooth and geometrical


  • Colour is uneven... Moles should only ever be one colour: light or dark brown


  • Diameter... Diameter should be under 6mm


  • Evolution... A mole should never change in size, shape or colour

  • Early diagnosis is essential.

    Our sun care products:

    We are constantly innovating our UVB-UVA protection.
    Our range of sun care products are the result of 25 years' worth of continuous research.

    Our sun care products: a long history

    AVÈNE SUN PROTECTION
    Dedicated to sensitive skin

    Avène Sun Care products offer the highest SPF protection for sensitive skin* by using a unique combination of active ingredients called SunSitive® Protection.

    PHOTOPROTECTION COMPLEX
    Optimal efficacy, with a reduced number of chemical filters to respect sensitive skin

  • Broad UVB-UVA protection
  • Photostable
  • Water-resistant (40 minutes)

  • PRE-TOCOPHERYL
    A photostable Vitamin E precursor


    AVÈNE THERMAL SPRING WATER
    Rich in Avène’s fabled Thermal Spring Water


    *Highest label claim allowed as per AS/NZS 2064:2012; Very High. SPF 50+, Broad Spectrum.

    ALWAYS READ THE LABEL.
    FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS FOR USE.



    Find out more

    Our sun care products: a long history

    A Strong commitment to SKIN CANCER PREVENTION

    The Eau Thermale Avène brand establishes solidarity-based partnerships with foundations and patient associations in order to provide skin health prevention and education.

    Eau Thermale Avène supports The Skin Hospital, a division of Skin & Cancer Foundation Australia.

    SOURCES

    Approximately, two in the three Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the time they are 701:
    https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/skin-cancer.html


    Vitamin D2:
    https://www.cancercouncil.com.au/70107/cancer-prevention/sun-protection/sunsmart-program-for-primary-schools-and-ohsc/sunsmart-information-and-news/vitamin-d-and-sun-protection/?pp=37066&cc=8152&ct=35


    Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer3:
    https://wiki.cancer.org.au/policy/Position_statement_-_Risks_and_benefits_of_sun_exposure#_ga=2.213888084.1180980544.1535606528-277620224.1535606528


    Sunburn4:
    https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/skin-cancer.html


    Skin Allergies5:
    https://www.cancercouncil.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Sunscreen-information-sheet_January-2017-version2.pdf

    UV Index

    A scale for evaluating the intensity of UV radiation

    The UV Index indicates the intensity of UV radiation when it reaches the Earth's surface.

    The higher the UV Index, the higher your risk of skin damage.

    The UV Index varies depending on several factors:

  • The position of the sun: The higher the sun is in the sky, the more intense the radiation. Intensity varies on the time of day but peaks between 10am and 2pm, and is at it's peak at "Solar Noon"

  • Altitude : The higher you are, the more intense UV radiation becomes.

  • Latitude : UV radiation intensifies the closer you are to the equator.

  • Cloud cover : Cloud cover does not protect from UV radiation.

  • Reflection : UV rays are reflected with more or less intensity depending on the surface.

  • Grass: 3% of UV rays are reflected
    Water: 5% to 20%
    Sand: 15%
    Snow: 70%
    Ice: 90%
    UV Index?

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    EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE SUN AND YOUR SKIN

    UNDERSTAND IT BETTER. ENJOY IT MORE.

    You chase it, then you hide from it. You love it and you hate it. No matter your changing relationship with it, the sun will always have an impact on your skin.

    We often think that as adults we are less sensitive to the sun's rays, but sun damage has no age limit.

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