Les carnets d'experts

Acne
Acne

WHAT IS ACNE ?


Oily and shiny skin, a few pimples, some blackheads show up on the cheeks or the nose….
The beginning of acne which means the start of puberty; from overactive oil glands that produce too much sebum to an increase in sex hormones during this important time in life.
It is a widespread disorder since acne affects 83% of girls and 95% of boys…since its progress is unpredictable, from almost spontaneous healing to lingering, its treatment should be taken seriously and be specific..



STAGES OF ACNE...


 

  • Hyperseborrhea: The first stage in all types of acne. Too much sebum production: The skin is shiny and small pimples appear.






  • Retentional acne: The sebum build up in the follicle leads to the formation of open comedones (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads).





  • Inflammatory acne: Bacteria proliferation (Propionibacterium acnes) as the hair follicle breaks inside the dermis; red pimples (papules) followed by pustules (filled with pus) appear.






  • Nodulocystic acne: Swelling and inflammation of the sebaceous glands lead to the formation of oozing nodules.

 



YOUR PHYSICIAN'S ADVICE


Medications: Specific treatment for each stage of acne
  • - Light acne: Topical comedolytic treatment (help loosen blackheads) or topical antibiotics to fight inflammation.
  • - Moderate acne : When topical treatments are not enough, an oral antibiotic treatment must be added. Be very careful about sun exposure (sensitization risk): You must “photoprotect” your skin. Ask your physician for advice.
  • - Severe acne : The use of Isotretinoin is usually necessary. It is prescribed by your physician since it involves severe caution, particularly in relation to contraception. Usually, results are spectacular.



Dermo-cosmetic products :

Your dermatologist or pharmacist can recommend cleansing and moisturizing products formulated for your skin type and disorder.
A few product guidelines:

  • - Gentle products to protect your skin
  • - Moisturizing or emollient products to address skin dryness issues resulting from certain treatments
  • - “Non-comedogenic” products to help prevent the appearance of new blackheads

... and generally, products specifically formulated for acne-prone skin.

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