Experts notebook

Acne

Acne

Acne is a skin condition that affects 90% of teenagers. Specifically formulated dermo-cosmetics or personalized treatments are both based on the severity of the condition and their effectiveness is visible.

What is acne ?

Whatever your skin type, specific factors might trigger or lead to oversensitivity: Your skin reacts strongly when you’d rather it didn’t…

The brand Eau thermale Avène

Oily and shiny skin, a few pimples, some blackheads show up on the cheeks or the nose….
The beginning of acne which means the start of puberty; from overactive oil glands that produce too much sebum to an increase in sex hormones during this important time in life.
It is a widespread disorder since acne affects 83% of girls and 95% of boys…since its progress is unpredictable, from almost spontaneous healing to lingering, its treatment should be taken seriously and be specific..

STAGES OF ACNE...
  • Hyperseborrhea: The first stage in all types of acne. Too much sebum production: The skin is shiny and small pimples appear.
  • Retentional acne: The sebum build up in the follicle leads to the formation of open comedones (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads).
  • Inflammatory acne: Bacteria proliferation (Propionibacterium acnes) as the hair follicle breaks inside the dermis; red pimples (papules) followed by pustules (filled with pus) appear.
  • Nodulocystic acne: Swelling and inflammation of the sebaceous glands lead to the formation of oozing nodules.

OUR PHYSICIAN'S ADVICE

Medications: Specific treatment for each stage of acne
- Light acne: Topical comedolytic treatment (help loosen blackheads) or topical antibiotics to fight inflammation.
- Moderate acne : When topical treatments are not enough, an oral antibiotic treatment must be added. Be very careful about sun exposure (sensitization risk): You must “photoprotect” your skin. Ask your physician for advice.
- Severe acne : The use of Isotretinoin is usually necessary. It is prescribed by your physician since it involves severe caution, particularly in relation to contraception. Usually, results are spectacular.

Dermo-cosmetic products :
Your dermatologist or pharmacist can recommend cleansing and moisturizing products formulated for your skin type and disorder.
A few product guidelines:
- Gentle products to protect your skin
- Moisturizing or emollient products to address skin dryness issues resulting from certain treatments
- “Non-comedogenic” products to help prevent the appearance of new blackheads
... and generally, products specifically formulated for acne-prone skin.

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